Role of stress and smoking in back pain in women
Low back pain (LBP) is a increasing health problem, responsible for more lost workdays and disability claims than any other health condition. It is therfore important that modifiable risk factors are identified.
Stress level was associated with both non-persistent and persistent back pain, while smoking was associated with only persistent back pain.
Current smokers were 1.5 times more likely to report sustained back pain compared to never smokers, controlled for sociodemographic characteristics.
Women experiencing large or overwhelming amounts of stress reported non-persistent back pain by a factor 1.8 and sustained back pain by a factor of 1.6, compared to women experiencing small amounts of stress.
The study also found that factors as increased age, being overweight or obese, higher education and not working increased the likelihood of increased persistent back pain.
This study confirms the findings of earlier research describing significant relationship between back pain, stress, and smoking. Smoking and stress are modifiable risk factors and their impact on back pain provides an opportunity to provide comprehensive, tailored effective back pain treatment. In turn, these strategies may affect smoking cessation success; thereby influencing health outcomes.
> From: Schmelzer et al., Clin J Pain (2015) (Epub ahead of print). All rights reserved to Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc . Click here for the Pubmed summary.