Review of neuropathic pain screening and assessment tools.
Neuropathic pain (NP), known as pain caused by a lesion or disease of the somatosensory nervous system. This review provides an overview of primary NP assessment tools that are currently available.
Assessment Tools that Differentiate NP from non NP:
- Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs (LANSS);
- Neuropathic Pain Questionnaire (NPQ);
- Douleur Neuropathique 4 Questions (DN4);
- PainDETECT - ID Pain - Standardized Evaluation of Pain (StEP).
Assessment Tools that Characterize Pain Symptoms in Patients with NP:
- Neuropathic Pain Scale;
- Neuropathic Pain Symptom Inventory (NPSI);
- Short Form McGill Pain Questionnaire 2 (SF-MPQ-2).
Common advantages of NP assessment tools:
- Available in many languages;
- Freely available, relatively simple to perform, easy to score;
- Self administrable.
Common disadvantages of NP assessment tools:
- Not a quantitative assessment of NP severity;
- Complicated to calculate scores;
- Low accuracies;
- Some tools can be only used by well-trained personnel;
- Often specific to certain conditions.
NP tools are an important component to establish a well-formed diagnoses of NP in clinical practice. The advantages and disadvantages need to be considered before using them in research and clinical settings > From: Jones et al., Curr Pain Headache Rep 17 (2013) 363. All rights reserved to Springer Science+Business Media.
The link to the article on Pubmed can be found here.